In a nutshell, Smart Parking is a parking solution that can include in-ground Smart Parking sensors, cameras or counting sensors. These devices are usually embedded into parking spots or positioned next to them to detect whether parking bays are free or occupied. This happens through real-time data collection. The data is then transmitted to a smart parking mobile application or website, which communicates the availability to its users. Some companies also offer other in-app information, such as parking prices and locations. This gives you the possibility to explore every parking option available to you.
Smart Parking and its Smart Parking Sensors can be seen as a part of smart cities. These smart cities are cities that are driven by an IT infrastructure and by using this infrastructure, cities can enhance the quality of life and improve economic development for its inhabitants. Becoming a smart city can be a good way to collect historical data in a relatively easy way. By collecting this data, cities can analyze how processes, like parking can be optimized.
As a result of using Smart Parking, people who are looking to find a parking spot will find it in the most efficient way possible and companies or municipalities can optimize their parking territories. It also makes cities more livable, safer and less congested.
Optimizing the driving experience: using a Smart Parking system saves a lot of time for drivers since they know where to find a vacant parking spot. The amount of time you spend while looking for a parking spot will be minimized. By using the Pksoftech technology of the Smart Parking sensors, you will be able to find the parking spot you are looking for, without having to browse through the streets.
There are a number of stakeholders whose views need to be taken into account when building a set of requirements for a future smart parking service.
One of the key considerations is if the parking to be provided is on-street, off-street or a combination of both. On-street parking will have more omplex needs, for identifying available spaces and ensuring revenue collection from parked cars, than off-street parking where vehicles typically have to pass through entry and exit points which can be controlled. Also short term parking spaces may have different needs than long term with short term often being in higher demand, resulting in a more defined need for tighter parking controls to ensure that vehicles do not overstay and short term parking is paid for in full. Smart parking
enables new billing models for this type of parking – mobile payments combined with space utilisation data can mean per minute parking charges rather than flat rate in some locations.
Who installs parking sensors and controls also needs to be considered. In a new build car park this may well be the construction or fit-out company, but in existing car parks and locations, retro-fitting of intelligent barriers, cameras and inpavement sensors could come from a number of stakeholders including building managers, parking operators and cities themselves. Additional equipment installed to manage parking space utilisation and ticketing obviously means additional costs and complexity.
Network coverage is crucial for both on-street and off-street parking locations. Mobile IoT offers ide area coverage as it is based on existing mobile networks. It is designed to penetrate deeper indoors and underground than existing networks so it can be used in a wide variety of car parks.
Maintenance of parking sensors can be expensive, so Mobile IoT sensors offer a very long battery life so that once installed, sensors do not need to be re-visited.
The information available to drivers, cities and parking operators increases hugely when intelligence is applied to parking services. Cities and operators looking to deploy smart parking should ensure that the data which will be generated by smart parking services is not held in silos, but is accessible by relevant stakeholders to ensure that a suitable approach to parking can be taken.
Smart Parking will change the way that parking is used. Display signage and apps that are used today can be made much more dynamic and let drivers know not just if a space is available, but where those spaces are, how much they cost and how long a vehicle can park there for.
The IoT allows cities, parking operators, app providers and even private residents with garages to dynamically offer parking throughout the day. The data can be extended to provide
enforcement teams with details of parking availability and let them answer queries on the spot, and allow comparison with any contentious matter that the driver may report. It can also allow integrated management of other city infrastructure such as public transport and air quality sensors to ensure that parking,traffic and travel are seen as an integrated whole across the city, with all stakeholders involved. For example, parking charges can be based on vehicle emissions, so heavy polluters pay more than cleaner vehicles. This can be tied back to air quality date to show improvements in the environment.
The success of integrating data from disparate sources together relies on the continued security and thus privacy of that data, and not all parties will be willing to share if an effective security methodology is not in place. Parking operators and cities must ensure that all their service providers and technology partners are able to offer secure communications and handling of data..
IoT big data allows for the sharing of IoT and context data so solutions utilising data from multiple sources can be developed. For parking, IoT parking sensor data could be combined with weather, air quality, traffic and other transport data to provide an analysis of traffic and parking trends and enable dynamic transport and parking regimes.