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Private Limited Company Registration in India

Setting up a business in India often involves choosing a private limited company as a preferred option. This structure offers shareholders limited liability protection while placing specific ownership constraints. In contrast, in the case of an LLP, partners oversee the management. Private limited company registration allows for a clear distinction between directors and shareholders.

At Pksoftech, we offer a cost-effective service to facilitate the seamless registration of your company in India. We handle all legal formalities, ensuring strict compliance with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) regulations.

What is a private limited company?

In India, a private limited company is a privately held entity with limited liability, and it ranks among the nation's most favored business structures. This popularity is primarily attributed to its numerous advantages, including limited liability protection, ease of formation and maintenance, and its status as a distinct legal entity. A private limited company enjoys legal separation from its owners and necessitates a minimum of two members and two directors for its operation. Here are the key characteristics of a private limited company in India:

  • Limited Liability Protection: Shareholders of a private limited company are liable only to the extent of their shareholding. Their assets remain safeguarded, even in cases of financial setbacks incurred by the company.
  • Separate Legal Entity: A private company possesses its own distinct legal identity. It can own property, engage in contracts, and initiate or defend legal actions under its unique name.
  • Minimum Number of Shareholders: A private company must have a minimum of two shareholders and cannot exceed 200 shareholders.
  • Minimum Number of Directors: A private limited company necessitates a minimum of two directors. At least one of these directors must be an Indian citizen.
  • Minimum Share Capital: The company must maintain a minimum paid-up capital of Rs. 1 lakh or a higher amount as specified.
  • Name of the Firm: The private limited company's name must conclude with the words "Private Limited."
  • Restrictions on Share Transfer: The right to transfer shares within a private limited company is restricted. Shares can only be transferred with the approval of the Board of Directors or following the company's Articles of Association.
  • Prohibition on Public Invitation: Private limited companies are prohibited from inviting the public to subscribe to their shares or debentures.
  • Compliance Requirements: Private limited companies are obligated to adhere to various legal and regulatory obligations, including maintaining proper financial records, conducting annual general meetings, and filing annual returns with the ROC.

In summary, the attributes of a private limited company in India make it a favored choice among entrepreneurs, owing to its advantageous features and relatively straightforward structure.

Types of Private Limited Companies:

  • Company Limited by Shares: Shareholders' liability is limited to the nominal share amount mentioned in the Memorandum of Association.
  • Company Limited by Guarantee: Member liability is limited to the amount of guarantee specified in the Memorandum of Association. This guarantee is invoked only during winding up.
  • Unlimited Companies: Members of unlimited companies have unlimited personal liability for the company's debts and liabilities. However, they are still considered a separate legal entity, and individual members cannot be sued.

Advantages of a Private Limited Company

A Private Limited Company is one of India's most popular business structures. It offers several advantages and some disadvantages, let us explain.

  • Limited Liability: Shareholders' responsibility is restricted to the extent of their capital contribution, safeguarding personal assets from the company's financial obligations and liabilities.
  • Distinct Legal Identity: A Private Limited Company possesses an independent legal identity distinct from its proprietors. It has the capacity to own assets, engage in contractual agreements, and initiate or defend legal actions under its own name.
  • Continuous Existence: The company's existence persists irrespective of shifts in shareholders or directors. Its existence is not contingent upon the lifespan of its associates.
  • Ease of Funding: Raising capital by issuing shares to investors, venture capitalists, or angel investors is easier. This structure attracts external investment.
  • Tax Benefits: Private Limited Companies may qualify for various tax benefits and exemptions, making them tax-efficient entities.
  • Credibility and Trust: Having "Pvt. Ltd." in your company name often instills more confidence and trust in customers, suppliers, and partners.

Disadvantages of a Private Limited Company

  • Compliance Burden: Face regulatory demands, including financial reporting, filings, and audits.
  • Complex Setup: Process and cost for managing are higher than more superficial structures.
  • Share Limits: Restricted share transfers; max 200 shareholders in India.
  • Public Disclosure: Financial info is publicly viewable, impacting privacy.
  • Exit Complexity: Selling or leaving is more complicated than with other structures.
  • Slower Decisions: The involvement of shareholders and directors may slow choices.

Directors and Members:

A minimum of two directors and 200 members are required for Private Limited Company Registration in India, as per the Companies Act of 2013.

Directors must have a Director Identification Number (DIN) issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

At least one director must be an Indian resident, having spent 182 days in India in the previous calendar year.

Company Name:

When selecting a name for a private limited company, two factors must be considered:

The name should reflect the principal activity of the business.

Address of the Registered Office:

After the company registration process, the company must provide the permanent address of its registered office to the company registrar. Business operations occur in this office, and all relevant company documentation is maintained.

Company Registration Process

Registering a company in India involves a straightforward four-step process:

Step 1: Acquire a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

Every director and shareholder must secure a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) issued by the Controller of Certification Agencies (CCA). This involves providing essential details such as passport-sized photos, PAN, Aadhaar Card, phone number, and email address. Foreign nationals should also furnish notarized and apostilled documents if applicable.

Step 2: Director Identification Number (DIN)

Obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) if you intend to be a director in the company. DIN is essential for directors and needs to be provided in the registration form.

Step 3: Name Reservation for the Company (SPICe+ Part A)

Begin by completing the SPICe+ Part A form to secure a unique company name. This entails selecting the company type, class, category, and sub-category, specifying the primary division of industrial activity and offering a comprehensive business description. You'll need to propose two names for approval.

Step 4: Submission of Company Details (SPICe+ Part B)

Provide comprehensive information concerning capital, registered office address, subscriber and directors' details, stamp duty, PAN and TAN application, and necessary attachments. Ensure compliance with the Companies Act 2013 and obtain digital signatures from assisting professionals.

Step 5: Preparation and Submission of Incorporation Forms (SPICe+ MOA and AOA)

Draft the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) containing crucial company details. Obtain digital signatures from subscribers and professionals before submitting these documents to the MCA for approval.

Additionally, file the AGILE-PRO-S form to register for GST, EPFO, ESIC, a bank account, and a shop and establishment license (which may be state-dependent).

Certificate of Incorporation

Upon successful document verification, the MCA will issue the Certificate of Incorporation (COI) with the Company Identification Number (CIN), PAN, and TAN.

Document Checklist:

For Indian Nationals: Self-attested PAN card copy, passport-sized photo, Aadhaar Card, proof of identity, and address proof.

For Foreign Nationals: Notarized documents, passport-sized photo, passport, and address proof.

Registered Office Documents: Proof of business address, copy of the rent agreement (if applicable), and owner's no objection certificate.

Post-Registration Compliance

Following incorporation, adhering to post-registration company compliances is essential to streamline company operations and define the roles and responsibilities of directors and shareholders.

Register Your Company through Pksoftech

Pksoftech specializes in Company Registration services in India, providing comprehensive guidance and support throughout the registration process. Our team of professionals offers expert consultation tailored to your specific requirements and business goals.

Selecting the appropriate name for your company is critical, and Pksoftech' experts will aid you in choosing a unique and fitting name that aligns with ROC guidelines. We'll conduct a name availability search and facilitate the reservation of your chosen name, reflecting your business identity.

Compiling the necessary documentation for company registration can be overwhelming, but our experts will handle this task efficiently. We will guide you in assembling all required documents, ensuring accuracy and compliance.

To register a private limited company, directors must obtain a Digital Signature Certificate and Director Identification Number (DIN). We will guide this process to ensure you possess the certifications for seamless registration.

By choosing Pksoftech for your Company Registration needs, you can be confident that your private limited company registration will be managed professionally and effectively. We aim to simplify the process, allowing you to concentrate on your business objectives while we address the legal requirements. Embark on your entrepreneurial journey with assurance by registering your company through Pksoftech.

Proprietorship vs Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) vs Company

Features Proprietorship Partnership LLP Company
Definition Unregistered type of business entity managed by one single person A formal agreement between two or more parties to manage and operate a business A Limited Liability Partnership is a hybrid combination having features similar to a partnership firm and liabilities similar to a company. Registered type of entity with limited liability to the owners and shareholders
Ownership
  • Sole Ownership
  • Min 2 Partners
  • Max 50 Partners
  • Designated Partners
  • Min 2 Directors
  • Min 2 Shareholders
  • Max 15 Directors
  • Max 200 Shareholders

For One Person Company
  • 1 Director
  • 1 Nominee Director
Registration Time 7-9 working days
Promoter Liability Unlimited Liability Limited Liability
Documentation
  • Partnership Deed
  • LLP Deed
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • MOA
  • AOA
  • Incorporation Certificate
Governance - Under Partnership Act LLP Act, 2008 Under Companies Act,2013
Transferability Non Transferable Transferable if registered under ROF Transferable
Compliance Requirements
  • Income tax filing if turnover is more than Rs.2.5 lakhs
  • ITR 5
  • Form 11
  • Form 8
  • ITR 5
  • ITR 6
  • MCA filing
  • Auditor's Appointment

Private Limited Company FAQ's

The registration process of a company is done under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) in accordance with the Companies Act 2013.
  • Step 1: Apply For Director Identification Number (DIN)
  • Step 2: Apply For Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
  • Step 3: Company Name Approval
  • Step 4: Company Incorporation Application Submission
  • Step 5: Get a Certificate of Incorporation

The cost of registering a company in India varies according to the number of stakeholders and size. The Cost of Incorporation of a private limited Company would vary from Rs.6, 000 - to Rs. 30,000/- depending upon the following:
  • Number of Directors
  • Number of Members
  • Authorized share capital
  • Professional fees

Company registration is mandatory in India to start any business, so fixing the business structures is crucial. In India, there are seven different types of company registration:
  • Sole Proprietorship Registration
  • One-person Company Registration
  • Partnerships Firm Registration 
  • Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Company Registration
  • Private Limited Company Registration
  • Public Limited Company Registration
  • Section 8 Company Registration
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